Boats need many different systems and components for safe and proper operation. Some of these are even required by law, such as the ventilation system. But what are ventilation systems on boats used for?
Ventilation systems are needed to control moisture and humidity in a vessel; they are also used to disperse harmful fumes for motorized boats. Let’s take a closer look to better understand their purpose.
Keep reading to learn more.
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What to Know About Ventilation for Boats
If you’ve been to an old storage room with no windows, you’ll likely find that the air is heavy and stuffy. This can be due to the lack of airflow, and the same thing can happen on a vessel.
A ventilation system allows air to flow into and out of the boat, addressing problems with humidity and gas fumes.
By having ventilation channels in and outside of the boat’s compartments, we allow air to circulate inside the craft. Perhaps more importantly, this system is a US Coast Guard requirement for boats with an engine powered by gasoline, and it can save your life.
Active and passive ventilation systems are available, but only the former is suitable for the USCG requirement. Passive ventilation is also called natural ventilation, while active ventilation is also known as powered.
The passive type of ventilation system is more affordable but cannot do everything that powered types can do. Only active types can serve as marine engine ventilation.
Purpose of a Boats Ventilation System
There are two main uses for a ventilation system on a boat. The first is to control moisture and humidity levels, as mentioned earlier. Some people close off their vessel compartments to prevent moisture from entering, but this results in the opposite effect, since the difference in humidity inside and outside the boat are not balanced.
Over time, moisture builds up instead of being removed. This is when mold and mildew start appearing inside the vessel. This growth can happen in the span of a few days and can even cause damage to the boat and your equipment.
Another important use for ventilation is to expel dangerous fumes that come from fuel. These fumes can build up inside the bilge, engine compartment, and other spaces inside the vessel. Such a build-up could make way for starting a fire or an explosion.
How Does It Work?
A ventilation system has two ducts or vents at the minimum: an intake and an exhaust, both of which are connected to the bilge or any space that needs to be ventilated. The intake allows air to flow into the vessel while the exhaust provides an exit. These ducts and vents also have cowls to promote the movement of air.
The simple setup described above is for a passive system and works well enough as sailboat ventilation, provided the vessel is small and isn’t at risk of fume accumulation. However, this passive system is not enough as a motorized boat or ships ventilator system.
An active system makes use of an additional component, a blower, which further pushes the air and fumes to move. The blower uses a powered fan, similar to an exhaust fan, which is necessary to circulate the air. Blowers used with marine engine room vents may be powered by a battery or solar energy.
These powered ventilation systems are required for boats with gasoline motors built into the hull, as well as any vessel that may have gasoline fumes in any compartments or spaces. The blowers are specialized for marine use, however, and not just any blower or fan will do.
Ventilation setups change depending on the size of a vessel. A small boat engine room ventilation system can have just one exhaust, but larger crafts at 24 feet and bigger need more.
In addition to ventilation, inboard engines are also required to have a flame arrestor for controlling engine backfires and preventing explosions. It works by absorbing heat and is attached to the carburetor.
Proper Ventilation Operation – How Long Should a Ventilation Blower Be Left Operating?
Operating the ventilation blower is an important step in a proper pre-boating routine. It should be turned on for 4 minutes before starting the engine to clear out any possible fumes in the compartment or bilge.
The purpose of an inboard engine ventilation system is to clear out harmful fumes, but most blowers are not built to operate continuously, so you also need to turn them off afterward. It is a healthy practice to turn them on at specific points to clear the air, but only for limited periods.
When overused, a blower may overheat or cause a fire. If you feel that a long-term blower operation is necessary for your vessel, you need to install specialized models designed for such use.
What are ventilation systems on boats used for? Now you know that they help control moisture and humidity inside the vessel and by extension, prevent mold and mildew growth. More than this, they are important safety requirements to keep crafts with gas engines safe.
Did you know how important ventilation is for a boat or were you surprised by what we discussed here? Tell us your thoughts in the comments section below.
Remember to boat safely.
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